Smile Confidently With Dental Implants
Dental implants are replacements for the tooth roots. Just like the tooth roots they are embedded in the jaw-bone and are not visible once they are placed surgically. They help secure crowns, bridgework or dentures by various means. Implants are generally made of titanium that is lightweight but strong, and bio-compatible, which means it will not be rejected by human body. The benefit of using implants is that they do not rely on neighboring teeth for support, and they are permanent and stable. Implants are a good solution to tooth loss as they look natural and feel natural.
Dental Implants were originally used for people who had lost all teeth and for people who had difficulty stabilizing the dentures. But, they can also be used for people who had lost one or more teeth. Implants are a great alternative for patients who suffer from tooth loss due to injury or periodontal disease.
The history of dental – implants date back to hundreds of years. The earliest attempts on record date back to 600 AD. With advance in science, an orthopedic surgeon found that titanium has a special property that makes it fuse with the bone. This process is called osseointegration – osseo means bone and integration means fusing or joining with – and this property became the base for the success of modern implants.
Types Of Dental – Implants
The first dental implants were of a single design, which fitted all patients. They were of the same width, but with variable lengths. However, the modern – implants are made in various shapes and sizes to suit the various types of teeth they replace, and to suit the different types of prosthetic teeth they replace. Today, they are not smoothed or machined, but they are roughened to increase their surface area.
* Endosteal: This commonly used implant is embedded in the jawbone.It includes either screws, or cylinders or blades, which are surgically embedded in the bone. They can hold one or more prosthetic teeth. Endosteal is used for people who use bridges or removable dentures.
* Subperiosteal: This implant is embedded on top of the jawbone under the gum tissue. Subperiosteal implants are beneficial to patients who cannot wear conventional – dentures and for patients with minimal bone height.
- The dentist performs the surgery to anchor the artificial root into the jawbone.
- The procedure is done in the dental office with local anesthesia.
- The gum is then secured over the implant, which will remain covered until it fuses with the bone.
- The dentist then uncovers the implant and attaches an extension or post, to the implant.
- In some cases, the implant and post are a single unit placed during the initial surgery.
- Finally, the dentist makes an artificial tooth or crown, which is fixed to the implant post.
Generally, the process can take up to nine months to complete. As each patient heals differently, times may vary. For patients with good bone quality, posts can be placed and replacement teeth fitted in one appointment.
Since dental implants involve surgery and more processes, they cost more than traditional bridgework.
When a person loses teeth, he/she loses the bone that supports those teeth. In such cases, dental implants help stabilize bone and prevent its loss. In addition to replacing the teeth, they also help maintain the shape and density of the jawbone. This means they support the facial – skeleton and the soft – tissue structures, such as gum – tissues, cheeks and the lips. Implants help a person to eat normally, smile and talk with confidence, and look natural. This helps the person to gain social, psychological and physical well-being.
Dental implants are not only a matter of scientific discovery, research and understanding, but they also involve clinical practice. They require expertise in planning, dental surgery and tooth – restoration. They are more like an art, which requires great experience.